Where Are Mortgage Rates Heading
How Rates Are Calculated
Keeping track of near term mortgage rate changes is simple. The widely publicized Bank of Canada benchmark rate affects variable mortgage rates. The 1, 3 and 5 year Canadian Government bond impact fixed mortgage rates.
Since variable mortgage rates are tied to prime, as the Bank of Canada benchmark rate goes up and down, so does your variable rate mortgage. The Bank of Canada meets about 8 times a year to set the rate and provide an outlook. The annoucements and insight into the Bank of Canada can be found on our Market News page.
The fixed rate mortgages can change more frequently and outside of the Bank of Canada’s meetings. Fixed mortgage rates are tied to how the Government of Canada bonds are trading. As the bonds go up and down, so do the mortgage rates being offered by the lenders. Fixed rate mortgages are determined by taking the current 5 year rate (for example) and adding a spread (the lenders profit) of between 1.40% and 1.60%. If bond yields go up, the lenders spread will shrink outside of 1.40% and this could trigger mortgage rates to rise. If the bond yield goes down, the spread could increase outside of the 1.60 spread and this could trigger an interest rate decrease. For example, if the 5 year Government of Canada bonds are trading at 3.00%, 5 year fixed mortgage rates can expect to be between 4.40%-4.60%. The bond yields are determined by investors expectations about where the interest rates will be in the future. If the investors believe that the long term interest rates are going to go up, this would put a pressure on the bond yields and could cause them to increase.
Current Canadian Government Bond Rates
5 Year CDN Bond Rate
3 Year CDN Bond Rate